Weaving consist machines used for the production of fabrics, obtained through an appropriate interweaving of two series of threads perpendicular to each other, called weft and warp.
Each type of loom for the manufacture of traditional fabrics, with straight elements, performs operations
fundamental, appropriately synchronized, which are:
• opening the step,
• insertion of the plot through the step,
• the stops of the weave inserted against the already formed fabric,
• the performance of the warp,
• winding the fabric.
1. The warp beam is made up of a load-bearing cylinder and two large lateral plates which prevent it
the fall of the turns of the yarn warped from the ends.
2. The yarn roller serves to place the warp on the horizontal work surface, while the
warp guard, through which the warp threads pass, make the loom stop when it is
wire breaks occur or the wires are too slow.
3. The healds, which provide to give the threads the movement of raising and lowering every time it comes
inserted a plot, they are made up of meshes mounted on frames. In each stitch passes a
thread so that when the heddle rises, all the threads that pass through its stitches rise.
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